He was the leader of the Communist Chinese party in the late 20th century. Mao Tse-Tsung was born in December of 1893 in the Hunan province in China. He served in the Army in 1911, but returned to school after the war. When he was 27, Mao was introduced to communism by attending an organization meeting. Two years later, Tse-Tsung was elected to the central committee of the party. By 1945, he became Chairman of the Communist Party of China, where he served until his death in 1975. Mao Tse-Tsung established a one-party dictatorship, and conducted economic policies that contributed to the deaths of millions of his people.